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Cause Of Death Rank Deaths Rank Deaths Summary
Coronary Heart Disease11,327,84721,505,339- 177,492
Lung Disease21,160,09231,012,869+ 147,224
Stroke3963,26512,331,274- 1,368,009
Diarrhoeal diseases4640,8834810,859+ 630,024
Influenza and Pneumonia5526,05010207,898+ 318,152
Low Birth Weight6416,1252740,828+ 375,298
Tuberculosis7294,8312644,060+ 250,771
Suicide8281,94913120,730+ 161,219
Falls9277,69714116,128+ 161,569
Road Traffic Accidents10254,6307279,167- 24,536
Diabetes Mellitus11248,3539226,568+ 21,785
Liver Disease12236,9261692,266+ 144,661
Other Injuries13228,99515102,349+ 126,646
Kidney Disease14222,2891781,722+ 140,567
Hypertension15172,9818248,234- 75,252
Birth Trauma16171,9572939,569+ 132,388
Asthma17165,9263824,902+ 141,025
HIV/AIDS18147,6923038,420+ 109,273
Congenital Anomalies19113,8392448,977+ 64,862
Rheumatic Heart Disease20108,4451963,919+ 44,526
Drownings21103,0442159,865+ 43,180
Oral Cancer2295,8233336,029+ 59,795
Peptic Ulcer Disease2393,3953529,969+ 63,426
Inflammatory/Heart2489,3032351,854+ 37,449
Breast Cancer2576,6902547,964+ 28,726
Violence2673,8994412,099+ 61,800
Cervical Cancer2773,7483629,506+ 44,242
Lung Cancers2869,6614595,800- 526,140
Hepatitis B2967,6673137,085+ 30,581
Stomach Cancer3064,4496324,439- 259,990
Endocrine Disorders3160,4794020,344+ 40,135
Meningitis3260,407528,872+ 51,535
Fires3360,407519,067+ 51,339
Maternal Conditions3456,026536,047+ 49,979
Colon-Rectum Cancers3553,06912139,000- 85,930
Malnutrition3649,443555,098+ 44,344
Measles3746,26468792+ 45,473
Poisonings3843,4382840,809+ 2,628
Epilepsy3942,7134313,816+ 28,897
Encephalitis4042,70875129+ 42,580
Oesophagus Cancer4142,26411197,144- 154,879
Malaria4231,0477912+ 31,036
Leukemia4329,9262254,955- 25,029
Lymphomas4429,5953435,538- 5,943
Liver Cancer4529,2665380,733- 351,466
Leishmaniasis4625,952651,314+ 24,637
Tetanus4721,94070648+ 21,292
Ovary Cancer4821,2614214,668+ 6,592
Rheumatoid Arthritis4916,3354611,435+ 4,900
Skin Disease5015,577574,253+ 11,325
Other Neoplasms5114,5583236,980- 22,422
Syphilis5214,000641,579+ 12,421
Dengue5313,6327772+ 13,560
Prostate Cancer5413,3633922,503- 9,140
Pancreas Cancer5511,7842063,499- 51,715
Bladder Cancer5610,3873726,719- 16,332
Alcohol578,778564,688+ 4,089
Drug Use588,364545,594+ 2,771
Hepatitis C597,824631,586+ 6,238
Pertussis607,611601,773+ 5,838
Leprosy616,912661,210+ 5,702
Uterin Cancer625,2154117,143- 11,929
Alzheimers/Dementia634,2311869,986- 65,755
Parkinson's Disease643,3234711,138- 7,816
Anemia653,0604910,070- 7,010
Appendicitis662,215611,767+ 447
Skin Cancers671,8054511,939- 10,135
Ascariasis681,58372205+ 1,379
Schizophrenia691,004509,567- 8,564
War70981582,425- 1,444
Multiple Sclerosis71895591,795- 900
Otitis Media7252573180+ 345
Upper Respiratory73509671,146- 637
Oral conditions74445860+ 445
Diphtheria75366800+ 366
Iodine Deficiency762127838+ 174
Chlamydia7712674154- 28
Trypanosomiasis780810- 0
Chagas disease79071245- 245
Schistosomiasis80069666- 666
Trichuriasis810820- 0
Hookworm Disease820830- 0
Vitamin A Deficiency83076108- 108
Depression840840- 0
Prostatic Hypertrophy850621,646- 1,646
Osteoarthritis860850- 0

Note: Population is Equalized to CHINA




The point of this intellectual exercise is to measure what would happen if two countries shared the same leading causes of death. To make these comparisons possible we equalized the population and used total deaths for each country's top 10 causes to simulate an "Exchange." Use the chart on the left to sort by the country name and use the summary plus and minus column to measure the differences in total deaths.

Life Expectancy statistics are calculated the same way everywhere in the world, but what we die from can be very different depending upon where we live. Despite these differences, with rare exception, the top 10 causes of death for any given country will represent between 70-80% of their total deaths. This is an intellectual exercise only, not a comparison of which country is healthier or to challenge existing life expectancy rankings. If you prefer to see total deaths for over 80 causes and choose your own countries to compare go here:


All meaningful comparisons between countries should be made using the same data source and year. The most reliable source for International comparisons is the World Health Organization because it is standardized for cross cultural comparisons. It is also reviewed annually, which often makes it more current than individual country data that can take years to compile. The WHO data includes individual country "projections," that are calculated based upon an annual consultation with each country before it is published. There are differences however, such as WHO data separates different forms of heart disease and cancer and combines Alzheimer's with Dementia. In this top 10 comparison WHO data for both countries was used (2014).