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Cause Of Death RankDeathsRankDeathsSummary
Coronary Heart Disease11,416,85831,040,692+ 376,166
Diarrhoeal diseases21,231,4784418,156+ 1,213,322
Lung Disease31,122,41721,287,089- 164,672
Stroke4940,05212,125,802- 1,185,750
Influenza & Pneumonia5760,42212172,539+ 587,883
Tuberculosis6317,10814158,260+ 158,848
Low Birth Weight7279,8282359,117+ 220,711
Suicide8243,66113170,143+ 73,518
Liver Disease9236,05317113,162+ 122,891
Road Traffic Accidents10223,5247292,481- 68,957
Other Injuries11221,8819209,836+ 12,045
Birth Trauma12215,3592265,566+ 149,793
HIV/AIDS13209,6913433,951+ 175,740
Diabetes Mellitus14200,34411179,701+ 20,643
Kidney Disease15199,7322083,491+ 116,241
Falls16197,84915116,568+ 81,281
Hypertension17190,37310205,689- 15,316
Peptic Ulcer Disease18122,9012647,876+ 75,025
Measles19116,55564590+ 115,965
Oral Cancer20101,3803135,808+ 65,572
Meningitis2199,6624911,792+ 87,870
Pertussis2296,82065407+ 96,413
Cervical Cancer2382,5733234,709+ 47,864
Drownings2479,2472176,746+ 2,501
Asthma2579,1514119,335+ 59,816
Congenital Anomalies2674,9482550,652+ 24,296
Maternal Conditions2771,187556,897+ 64,290
Epilepsy2869,8404319,239+ 50,601
Fires2961,0865111,419+ 49,667
Breast Cancer3060,7662746,491+ 14,275
Lung Cancers3159,2664460,856- 401,590
Violence3258,7663921,592+ 37,174
Oesophagus Cancer3349,1548212,537- 163,383
Hepatitis B3446,6823533,814+ 12,868
Endocrine Disorders3545,6464020,916+ 24,730
Syphilis3638,603621,870+ 36,733
Stomach Cancer3738,0576354,829- 316,772
Tetanus3832,504593,545+ 28,959
Leukemia3929,8002455,565- 25,765
Lymphomas4029,2213626,519+ 2,702
Colon-Rectum Cancers4129,12916115,155- 86,026
Rheumatic Heart Disease4228,6311985,829- 57,198
Malnutrition4326,4375011,660+ 14,777
Malaria4425,8357212+ 25,823
Prostatic Hypertrophy4524,173583,778+ 20,395
Ovary Cancer4622,1764811,835+ 10,341
Alzheimers/Dementia4720,9073040,477- 19,570
Liver Cancer4820,4585380,491- 360,033
Hepatitis C4919,0564614,384+ 4,672
Drug Use5016,88768304+ 16,583
Poisonings5116,6122843,938- 27,326
Other Neoplasms5215,3803334,091- 18,711
Inflammatory/Heart5313,3861885,900- 72,514
Skin Disease5412,200830+ 12,200
Prostate Cancer5511,8174515,413- 3,596
Encephalitis5611,800611,958+ 9,842
Rheumatoid Arthritis5711,437547,084+ 4,353
Anemia5811,087573,947+ 7,140
Leishmaniasis5910,828738+ 10,820
Schizophrenia6010,710564,084+ 6,626
Appendicitis6110,453602,909+ 7,544
Upper Respiratory6210,3154712,929- 2,614
Leprosy639,743770+ 9,743
Bladder Cancer649,3013821,807- 12,506
Depression659,172820+ 9,172
Alcohol668,964529,054- 90
Pancreas Cancer678,8062941,194- 32,388
War686,221860+ 6,221
Diphtheria695,8247115+ 5,809
Uterin Cancer705,5004219,273- 13,773
Dengue714,79467376+ 4,418
Parkinson Disease722,1863722,553- 20,367
Chlamydia732,011740+ 2,011
Skin Cancers741,665537,868- 6,203
Multiple Sclerosis75991631,150- 159
Ascariasis7664269222+ 420
Iodine Deficiency77586800+ 586
Otitis Media78522790+ 522
Vitamin A Deficiency79514810+ 514
Oral conditions80427850+ 427
Trichuriasis812427087+ 155
Hookworm Disease822780+ 2
Trypanosomiasis830750- 0
Chagas disease840760- 0
Schistosomiasis85066377- 377
Osteoarthritis860840- 0
Population = CHINATotal

Note: Population is Equalized




The point of this intellectual exercise is to measure what would happen if two countries shared the same leading causes of death. To make these comparisons possible we equalized the population and used total deaths for each country's top 10 causes to simulate an "Exchange." Use the chart on the left to sort by the country name and use the summary plus and minus column to measure the differences in total deaths.

Life Expectancy statistics are calculated the same way everywhere in the world, but what we die from can be very different depending upon where we live. Despite these differences, with rare exception, the top 10 causes of death for any given country will represent between 70-80% of their total deaths. This is an intellectual exercise only, not a comparison of which country is healthier or to challenge existing life expectancy rankings. If you prefer to see total deaths for over 80 causes and choose your own countries to compare go here:


All meaningful comparisons between countries should be made using the same data source and year. The most reliable source for International comparisons is the World Health Organization because it is standardized for cross cultural comparisons. It is also reviewed annually, which often makes it more current than individual country data that can take years to compile. The WHO data includes individual country "projections," that are calculated based upon an annual consultation with each country before it is published. There are differences however, such as WHO data separates different forms of heart disease and cancer and combines Alzheimer's with Dementia. In this top 10 comparison WHO data for both countries was used (2009).