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Cause Of Death Rank Deaths Rank Deaths Summary
Coronary Heart Disease11,317,73821,505,339- 187,601
Lung Disease21,151,26031,012,869+ 138,392
Stroke3955,93212,331,274- 1,375,342
Diarrhoeal diseases4636,0044810,859+ 625,145
Influenza and Pneumonia5522,04510207,898+ 314,148
Low Birth Weight6412,9572740,828+ 372,130
Tuberculosis7292,5862644,060+ 248,526
Suicide8279,80213120,730+ 159,073
Falls9275,58314116,128+ 159,455
Road Traffic Accidents10252,6927279,167- 26,475
Diabetes Mellitus11246,4629226,568+ 19,895
Liver Disease12235,1221692,266+ 142,857
Other Injuries13227,25215102,349+ 124,902
Kidney Disease14220,5971781,722+ 138,875
Hypertension15171,6648248,234- 76,569
Birth Trauma16170,6482939,569+ 131,079
Asthma17164,6633824,902+ 139,761
HIV/AIDS18146,5683038,420+ 108,149
Congenital Anomalies19112,9732448,977+ 63,995
Rheumatic Heart Disease20107,6191963,919+ 43,700
Drownings21102,2602159,865+ 42,395
Oral Cancer2295,0943336,029+ 59,065
Peptic Ulcer Disease2392,6843529,969+ 62,715
Inflammatory/Heart2488,6232351,854+ 36,769
Breast Cancer2576,1062547,964+ 28,142
Violence2673,3374412,099+ 61,237
Cervical Cancer2773,1863629,506+ 43,681
Lung Cancers2869,1304595,800- 526,670
Hepatitis B2967,1523137,085+ 30,066
Stomach Cancer3063,9586324,439- 260,481
Endocrine Disorders3160,0194020,344+ 39,675
Meningitis3259,947528,872+ 51,075
Fires3359,947519,067+ 50,879
Maternal Conditions3455,600536,047+ 49,553
Colon-Rectum Cancers3552,66512139,000- 86,334
Malnutrition3649,066555,098+ 43,968
Measles3745,91268792+ 45,121
Poisonings3843,1072840,809+ 2,298
Epilepsy3942,3884313,816+ 28,572
Encephalitis4042,38375129+ 42,255
Oesophagus Cancer4141,94311197,144- 155,201
Malaria4230,8117912+ 30,799
Leukemia4329,6982254,955- 25,256
Lymphomas4429,3703435,538- 6,168
Liver Cancer4529,0435380,733- 351,689
Leishmaniasis4625,754651,314+ 24,440
Tetanus4721,77370648+ 21,125
Ovary Cancer4821,0994214,668+ 6,430
Rheumatoid Arthritis4916,2114611,435+ 4,776
Skin Disease5015,459574,253+ 11,206
Other Neoplasms5114,4473236,980- 22,533
Syphilis5213,894641,579+ 12,315
Dengue5313,5287772+ 13,456
Prostate Cancer5413,2613922,503- 9,242
Pancreas Cancer5511,6942063,499- 51,804
Bladder Cancer5610,3083726,719- 16,411
Alcohol578,711564,688+ 4,023
Drug Use588,300545,594+ 2,707
Hepatitis C597,765631,586+ 6,178
Pertussis607,553601,773+ 5,780
Leprosy616,859661,210+ 5,649
Uterin Cancer625,1754117,143- 11,969
Alzheimers/Dementia634,1991869,986- 65,787
Parkinson's Disease643,2974711,138- 7,841
Anemia653,0374910,070- 7,034
Appendicitis662,198611,767+ 430
Skin Cancers671,7914511,939- 10,149
Ascariasis681,57172205+ 1,367
Schizophrenia69996509,567- 8,571
War70974582,425- 1,451
Multiple Sclerosis71888591,795- 907
Otitis Media7252173180+ 341
Upper Respiratory73505671,146- 641
Oral conditions74441860+ 441
Diphtheria75363800+ 363
Iodine Deficiency762107838+ 172
Chlamydia7712574154- 29
Trypanosomiasis780810- 0
Chagas disease79071245- 245
Schistosomiasis80069666- 666
Trichuriasis810820- 0
Hookworm Disease820830- 0
Vitamin A Deficiency83076108- 108
Depression840840- 0
Prostatic Hypertrophy850621,646- 1,646
Osteoarthritis860850- 0

Note: Population is Equalized to CHINA




The point of this intellectual exercise is to measure what would happen if two countries shared the same leading causes of death. To make these comparisons possible we equalized the population and used total deaths for each country's top 10 causes to simulate an "Exchange." Use the chart on the left to sort by the country name and use the summary plus and minus column to measure the differences in total deaths.

Life Expectancy statistics are calculated the same way everywhere in the world, but what we die from can be very different depending upon where we live. Despite these differences, with rare exception, the top 10 causes of death for any given country will represent between 70-80% of their total deaths. This is an intellectual exercise only, not a comparison of which country is healthier or to challenge existing life expectancy rankings. If you prefer to see total deaths for over 80 causes and choose your own countries to compare go here:


All meaningful comparisons between countries should be made using the same data source and year. The most reliable source for International comparisons is the World Health Organization because it is standardized for cross cultural comparisons. It is also reviewed annually, which often makes it more current than individual country data that can take years to compile. The WHO data includes individual country "projections," that are calculated based upon an annual consultation with each country before it is published. There are differences however, such as WHO data separates different forms of heart disease and cancer and combines Alzheimer's with Dementia. In this top 10 comparison WHO data for both countries was used (2014).